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Powis Castle and Garden

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Address of Powis Castle and Garden

Location

Welshpool

 

District

Powys

 

Region/County

 

Nation

Wales

 

GIS Location Information Geographic Location: Lat: 52.64614; Long: -3.15883 - GeoTag: GB-POW

 Powis Castle and Garden 

Powis Castle and Garden is a Castle, Towerhouse or Fortification managed as a Tourist or Visitor Attraction by the National Trust for England and is located in or near Welshpool, Wales.

You can get detailed information regarding opening times and other facilities if you follow this link to it's own website

Powis Castle and Garden's own website

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Castle with terraced gardens and wooded parkland 

 

Powys Castle

(Castel Coch)

Nine miles lower down the River Severn than Montgomery lies the famous castle of the Princes of Southern Powys, which their countrymen called the Red Castle (Castel Coch), though the English generally named it the Castle of Pool, from the small town which lies a mile from its foot. It stands so close to the English border, which touched the Severn both above and below it, and runs but a few miles away, that it is surprising to find that it was never seized by any marcher, and remained the chief seat of its Celtic owners from the first to the last days of the Welsh wars. It is true that the lords of South Powys were, often as not, adherents to the English cause, out of hatred for their rivals, the princes of Gwynedd. But they were so frequently involved, willingly or unwillingly, in rebellions, that they can only be considered lucky in escaping the fate of their kinsmen of Powys Fadoc.

The present castle would appear not to be on the site of the earliest dwelling of the princes of Powys, which was probably a sort of primitive hill-fortification which stands on a knoll in the part, a quarter of a mile from the great Red Castle. when the Welsh took to castle-building, in imitation of their Marcher neighbours, a prince of the twelfth or early thirteenth century – it is said to have been Owen Cyfeiliog, who died in 1197, or his son Gwenwynwyn, who died in 1216 – reared a strong stone fortress on a more commanding hill hard by, and here long –lived Gruffyd ap Gwenwynwyn (1216 – 1289), and his son Owen, normally allies of the English against the princes of North Wales, had their usual residence, the old royal seats of Mathraval and Meifod being abandoned. A stronghold so close to the border was obviously more convenient to a prince who leaned on the English alliance than for one who nourished hopes of independence. Yet twice Castel Coch fell into the hands of the native enemy – the second time as late as 1274, when Llewellyn the Last took it, and compelled Gruffyd ap Gwenwynwyn to fly to Shrewsbury. This Gruffyd and his son, Owen were by their ties to Edward I, more English barons than Welsh princes, and were regularly summoned as such. Owen’s son, Griffin, died a minor in the reign of Edward II, and much litigation ensued as to whether the lands of Powys should be treated as an English feudal barony, and pass to the last owner’s sister, Hawise, the wife of Sir John Cherlton, a small marcher baron, or to her uncles, who claimed them under Welsh rules of succession. The king decided in favour of the lady, and from her came a long line of half-welsh Charlton’s, lords of Powys, distinguished soldiers in the Hundred Year’s War. Much dispute has arisen among genealogists and constitutional lawyers as to whether their title was more properly Cherlton or Powys – in Parliamentary rolls the territorial designation was not infrequently used instead of the family name. They failed in the male line and ended in 1422, with two co-heiresses, of whom Joan the elder married Sir John Grey, Joyce the younger Sir John Tiptoft. Oddly enough the heirs of both claimed the title of Powys – the younger Grey being summoned to Parliament as Baron Grey de Powys, while the younger Tiptoft was called baron Tiptoft and Powys in his creation to be Earl of Worcester. But, what is more off still, they apparently divided not only the estates but the castle, for when Leland went by about 1540 he noted that he found at Castel Coch “two Lords Marchers’ castles within one wall.” The part of the Lord Dudley, great-grandson of Joyce Tiptoft, was “almost fallen down,” that of Lord Grey, grandson of Joan the elder sister was “metely good”: and Grey finally bought out the other portioner, who sold even his ancestral castle of Dudley before he died in 1553. It would appear that the other ward had been the share of the Tiptoft’s and inner ward that of the Greys.

But the Greys, too, died out in mid-Tudor times in the legitimate line, and the last baron’s natural son sold the castle to Sir Edward Herbert, one of the wide-spread family that descended from Edward IV’s Earl of Pembroke. The Herbert’s rebuilt the castle; but there is much Cherlton work, and even masonry belonging to the old princes of Powys, discoverable within the Jacobean exterior, even after further alterations in the nineteenth century. The Herbert of 1688, who had been made an earl in 1674, was a resolute follower of James II, and went into exile with him – he was outlawed and the castle was given by William III to one of his Dutch satellites. More lucky than most of the Jacobites, the Herbert’s, thirty years later, not only got back their title but their castle. But their line twice died out in the male succession and the sister of the last earl, having married the second Lord Clive, son of the victor of Plassey, the title had to be recreated for a new house, the modern but famous barony of Clive merging in the ancient name of Powys – or Powis, as modern usage spells it. The castle, majestic, if much modernized, still looks out from its lofty site over a long reach of the fertile valley of the upper Severn, which represents the core of the old Welsh principality of its lords.

Powis Castle and Garden in the mid 19th Century

Follow the link below to view a water-colour of Powis Castle and Garden painted during the period 1840-1860. If available you will also find historical notes about Powis Castle and Garden including features of note about the estate and it's lineage of ownership.

Victorian Powis Castle and Garden

 

You can see what other attractions are near Powis Castle and Garden if you follow this link to other attractions and event locations in the area of Powys on this website

At the bottom of this page you will find hotels near Powis Castle and Garden and, railway stations near Powis Castle and Garden too.

 

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If you are the owner or manager of Powis Castle and Garden, or you have hired the site for an event, you can use the link below to add an event at Powis Castle and Garden. Depending upon the size of the event it will also appear in our National Events Diary and on other pages on this site.

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Images of Powis Castle and Garden from the National Image Library

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Powis Castle Entrance

Powis Castle Entrance

 

Powis Castle Terraces

Powis Castle Terraces

 

Powis Castle Gardens

Powis Castle Gardens

 

Railway Stations near Powis Castle and Garden

Listed below are the nearest 6 Railway Stations within approximately 25 miles of Powis Castle and Garden with roughly the closest at the top of the list and the furthest at the bottom. For further detail click on the station name.

Station Name Station Type

Welshpool Station Railway Station (Part-time staff)  Newtown (Powys) Station Railway Station (Part-time staff)  Llangynllo Station Railway Station (Unstaffed)  Knucklas Station Railway Station (Unstaffed)  Llanbister Road Station Railway Station (Unstaffed)  Gobowen Station Railway Station (Part-time staff)  Caersws Station Railway Station (Unstaffed)  Knighton (Powys) Station Railway Station (Unstaffed)  Dolau Station Railway Station (Unstaffed)  Ruabon Station Railway Station (Unstaffed) 

Hotels near Powis Castle and Garden

The hotels near Powis Castle and Garden listed below, roughly in order of distance from Powis Castle and Garden; closest at the top furthest away at the bottom, is within approximately 6 miles (10Km) of Powis Castle and Garden, the exact locations being displayed on the map above. For more information and the ability to check availability and book on-line click on the hotel name.

If the attraction is in a rural area you may need to zoom out with the map to see all the listed hotels near Powis Castle and Garden. IMPORTANT: If there is a big river or other obstruction nearby please make sure you choose a hotel on the correct side of it as our distances are calculated as the crow flies!

Star Rate Hotel Name Accommodation Type
 3  Royal Oak Hotel Hotel
 3  Lion Hotel - Berriew Small Hotel
 2  Dragon Hotel Small Hotel
 5  The Nags Head Inn